Homemade, organic compost is an absolutely priceless soil conditioner which slowly releases its minerals, nutrients and trace elements — all essential for healthy plant growth. It is a process to naturally feed plants of all kinds over a very long period of time.
Usually chemical based composts and fertilisers are designed to quickly release their contents into the soil therefore making them rapidly available to plants.
However, they quickly wash out of the soil during watering and rain and while the plants may gain a little immediate benefit, it is soon gone.
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The use of homemade, organic compost will empirically play an important role in cultivation of various crops. Vegetables, fruits, wheat, rice and other upland crop production could be enhanced after utilisation of organic compost as compared to the use of chemical fertilizer.
An official of the agriculture department said previous surveys have shown that organic compost was beneficial in cultivating crops and vegetables as it increases agricultural and horticultural traits of fruits and vegetables as well as enhances the soil ability.
He said the use of organic compost along with chemical fertilizers enhance soil’s ability up to 30%.
He maintained that compost was much easy to formulate without cost. He added that compost was a key ingredient in organic farming as the process of composting simply requires making a heap of wet organic matter known as green waste (leaves, food waste). He urged farmers to contact with agriculture officers concerned for learning benefits of compost and its formulation method.
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Formulating organic compost is a modern, sustaining & close to nature system, which maintains the long-term fertility of the soil and uses less of the world’s finite resources to produce high quality nutritious food grains, vegetables and fruits.
Organic techniques have been developed from an understanding and research into soil science, crop breeding and ecology. The maintenance of soil fertility relies principally on the use of legumes, crop rotation, the application of composted animal manures and ground rock minerals.
Reuters. Organic compost: modern way to retain soil fertility. The Express Tribune, March 9, 2017.