Introduction of National Disaster Awareness Day
Pakistan is the most vulnerable to natural disaster; every year natural calamities upset people’s lives and properties in some part of the country. Mostly riverine flood, flash flood, drought, erosion and landslide create trouble and damage in Pakistan. Over the past decades, climate change has added significant layers over the traditional disaster management initiatives. In 2005 earthquake, most of the devastation hit north Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. In Kashmir, the four districts were badly affected and Muzaffarabad, the state capital of Azad Kashmir, was hardest hit in terms of casualties and destruction. Hospitals, schools, and rescue services including police and armed forces were paralysed. There was virtually no infrastructure and communication was badly affected.
The Pakistani government’s official death toll as of November 2005 stood at 87,350, although it is estimated that the death toll could reach over 100,000. Approximately 138,000 were injured and over 3.5 million rendered homeless. According to government figures, 19,000 children died in the earthquake, most of them in widespread collapses of school buildings. The earthquake affected more than 500,000 families. In addition, approximately 250,000 farm animals died due to collapse of stone barns, and more than 500,000 large animals required immediate shelter from the harsh winter. Reports indicate that entire towns and villages were completely wiped out in northern Pakistan, with other surrounding areas also suffering severe damage.
In this regards Government of Pakistan notified as October,8 a “National Disaster Awareness Day” and declared to observed every year in remembrance of the Martyrs of October 8, 2005 Earthquake, the greatest of Disasters in the history of Pakistan.
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